The name comes from `Ari-que pay` quechua, that means `Yes, stay`. It is located in the place where the Andean central area and the center south Andean is divided. It was founded in August 15th, 1540 by Manuel García de Carbajal.
Arequipa, or `The White City` is called like this because of sillar stone used in the constructions, a material of volcanic lava petrified between white and perla that when is brightened by the sun produces a beautiful shining. So it shows a beautiful architecture made of sillar, landscapes and great valleys.
Arequipa has become the centre of the economical complex at the south of Peru and is one of the departments that produce milk and the most important in the country.
Arequipa cuisine is one of the most varied in Peru. The most important are everyday soups and others like: